Oil made from seaweed or algae.
Converting starch and protein present in algae & seaweed
The Urban society depends for it survival on energy like electricity, clean water and oil.
There are other less essential products/services like quality food, clean air, sunlight, health care,
education, presence of shelters, protection for individuals, infra structure to name a few can
temporally be suspended..
Certain groups, governments and multinationals are trying to dominate one
of theses essential needs to be able to extort money/services, with more and
more success lately. The Urban society or city will have to face the problems
and respond forcefully to order to survive. Oil and food are currently the
most at risk and water to a lesser extend. Self-sufficiency the answer.
Solid bio fuels have a low energy density, which limits the commercial application to locations
close to the place of production and in our case Ireland shores. One way to solve this problem is
the conversion of this feedstock into liquid fuel. These liquids have a much higher energy density
and are easy to store and transport.
This technology is believed to mimic the natural geological processes thought to be involved in the
formation of fossil fuel, but in the time scale of hours or even minutes. A number of technical
terminologies have been used in the literature to refer to this technology, but it essentially utilize
the high activity of water in sub-critical conditions in order to decompose biomass materials
down to shorter and smaller molecular materials with a higher energy yield.
Bio Energy/chemical energy
Algae/seaweed is the simplest plant organisms that can convert sunlight
and carbon dioxide in the air around us, and water into stored energy.
All kind of substances like sugars, protein, fat, vitamins etc.
6 CO2 + 6 H2O + light → C6H12O6 + 6 O2
The stored energy transported to wherever needed. Well dried seaweed/algae
can be kept for a long time without cooling or use of preservation.
(The high mineral content protects it).
Algae oil has been produced and used for the cosmetic industry for a long
time, but primarily from macro algae (larger sized algae & seaweed) such
as oar weed. The more current research on oil extraction from algae is
however focused on micro algae. (Consist out of one cell, looks like a soup).
The sugar (polysaccharides) converted into bio-alcohol and the oil (lipids)
extracted for use as diesel. The minerals, protein and vitamins left over,
A look into the past,
fossil fuel is made from plants and
seaweed. Coal (carbon) and are gas are residues of plants. Minerals deposits and oil left by seaweed (macro-algae) and algae.
It is the most promising global-scale biomass solution is represented by microalgae since they are Mother Nature’s most efficient practitioners of photosynthesis (the fixation of carbon dioxide), resulting in the
highest yields of biomass and oils among all aquatic species, which are in turn an order of magnitude more efficient than terrestrial plants. We still do use some of these techniques today, wood turned into charcoal for
barbeques. During the production of potash from drift weed too produce salts and minerals. When you place a piece of dry wood in your magnetron and switch it on, it will warm the wood but that is all.
Do you put a few spoons of well dried seaweed powder in your magnetron and switch it on it will not only heat but start to produce smoke and ignite?
The smoke will contain carbohydrates. During world war two the Germans got cut off, of vital supplies of oil. Synthetic fuel used to replace the oil, made from brown coal using heat, pressure and steam.
The difference: Plants are rich in celluloses and seaweed in starch. Starch can be converted into oil like it did happen before in nature.
Most seaweeds do contain significant amounts of different type of polysaccharide materials like; alginic acid, agar, chitosan, starch, konjac, heparins, pullulan, pectins, Xanthan, Guarans and Hyaluronates.
All can be converted into oil.
Needed; the deployment of seaweed cultivation and subsequent etherification and thermo chemical conversion in oil, a” win-win-win" situation. For most countries, the cutting of oil imports, too reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and creating new jobs in rural communities.
A demonstration Projects, need to be funded and implemented to overcome initial barriers to commercialization. To show its potential and show that there is live after the crude oil, limiting future price
rises of crude. To show too the public the considerable benefits that will come with the deployment. Reason enough for us too seek donations and private partners to finance the development/promotion
of the new technology.